Distribution of fingerprints patterns among a cohort of population in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

Missa Millogo, Seydou Ouattara, Noufou Salou, Moctar Zeba, Adama Ouedraogo, David Zongo, Prosper Kinda, Paulin Nana, Fulgence Badiel, Jacques Simpore ; Malaysian Journal of Forensic Sciences, 2019, 9(1):27-32 ; http ://forensics.org.my/mjofs/

Based on their strictly individual and immutable characters,fingerprints are indispensable tool for person’s identification. In forensicscience, digital pattern families constitute the first level of comparison between an incriminated digital trace and a suspect fingerprint. Until now in the literature, there was no data on the distribution of fingerprints families in Burkina Faso. So, the present study was a descriptive study whose purpose was to provide information on fingerprint patterns distribution in 1500 citizens in Burkina Faso. The results showed that Loops were the most represented with 75.44 % followed by Whorls (17.31%) and Arches (7.23%). These results corroborate with what was previously established and showed that Loops are actually the most predominant fingerprints forms. The Pattern index intensity was higher in males (5.62) than in females (5.53). But Furuhata’s Index was higher in females (29.83) than in males (19.72). The same trend was obtained with Dankmeijer’s Index which was higher in females (48.26) than in males (30.19). The present study will have to be deepened by subsequent studies to enrich the scientific literature with more data on fingerprints in Burkina Faso.

Keywords :
Fingerprints, patterns, loops, whorls, arches, identification, pattern indices

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