[2003] Antibiotic resistance in Burkina Faso.

Bonfiglio G, Simporè J, Pignatelli S, Musumeci S. New Microbiol. 2003 Jul ;26(3):263-8. PMID : 12901422 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


Burkina Faso is one of the Subsaharan African nations. No national services for monitoring of antibiotic resistance are available, so the number of reports of resistance patterns among hospital pathogens are inconsistent. In order to evaluate antibiotic resistance, a total of 1998 valuable microrganisms were analysed during 2000 at the Medical Centre St. Camille of Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso’s capital. They were isolated as follows : 1012 from urine-culture, 503 from tonsil swabs, 398 from pus, 53 from sputum and 32 from blood-cultures. Escherichia coli was the most isolated microrganism from urine (44%) ; Enterococcus faecalis from tonsil swabs (96.4%), Staphylococcus aureus from pus (17%) and K. pneumoniae (70%) from sputum. In general, resistance to the old antibiotics, such as aminopenicillins and cotrimoxazole was shown. The most active antibiotic was norfloxacin, a rarely used antibiotic in this country. In conclusion, our study shows that it is necessary to create antibiotic-resistance surveillance centers in the developing countries to adopt an accurate therapy to avoid exporting of antibiotic resistance to the developed countries linked to increased emigration.

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