Molecular diagnostic of cytomegalovirus, Epstein Barr virus and Herpes virus 6 infections among blood donors by multiplex real-time PCR in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.

Traore L, Tao I, Bisseye C, Diarra B, Compaore TR, Nebie Y, Assih M, Ouedraogo A, Zohoncon T, Djigma F, Ouermi D, Barro N, Sanou M, Ouedraogo RT, Simpore J. Pan Afr Med J. 2016 Aug 3 ;24:298. doi : 10.11604/pamj.2016.24.298.6578. eCollection 2016. PMID : 28154653 ;

INTRODUCTION :In most developing countries, Cytomegalovirus (CMV), Epstein Barr virus (EBV) and Herpes virus 6 (HHV-6) are not diagnosed in blood donors. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of these viruses in blood donors from the city of Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.
METHODS : The study included 198 blood donors of the Regional Blood Transfusion Centre of Ouagadougou. Multiplex real time PCR was used to diagnose the three viruses. Statistical analysis was performed with the software EpiInfo version 6 and SPSS version 17. P values ≤ 0.05 were considered significant.
RESULTS : Of 198 samples tested, 18 (9.1%) were positive to at least one of the three viruses. In fact, 10 (5.1%) were positive for EBV, 10 (5.1%) positive for CMV and 12 (6.1%) positive for HHV-6. Viral infections were higher in women than in men, EBV (8,6% versus 4.3%), CMV (8.6% versus 3.7%) and HHV-6 (11.4% versus 4.9%). EBV / CMV / HHV-6 co-infection was found in 3.5% (7/198) of blood donors.
CONCLUSION : The prevalence recorded in this study is low compared to those found in previous studies from the sub-region among blood donors. The molecular diagnostic test used in our study could explain the differences with previous studies.
KEYWORDS : Burkina Faso ; CMV ; EBV ; HHV-6

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