[2002] Epidemiology of bacterial resistance in gastro-intestinal pathogens in a tropical area

Bonfiglio G, Simporè J, Pignatelli S, Musumeci S, Solinas ML. Int J Antimicrob Agents. 2002 Nov ;20(5):387-9.
PMID : 12431876 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

During 1999-2000 a total of 4131 faecal specimens were collected and analysed at the medical centre St. Camille at Ouagadougou. Eight hundred and twenty-six (8.0%) grew significant bacteria. Escherichia coli (35%), Salmonella spp. (15%) and Shigella spp. (10%) were most frequently isolated. A large number of E. coli strains were resistant to aminopenicillins (>90%) and cotrimoxazole (80%) ; for Yersinia spp the resistance was 80 and 25%, respectively. Norfloxacin was the most active antibiotic but was rarely used. The study showed that it is necessary to create antibiotic-resistance surveillance centres in developing countries so that therapy may be appropriate and the spread of antibiotic resistance to other developed countries via increased emigration may be reduced.

 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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