[HIV/AIDS care and international migrations in the rural district of Nanoro, Burkina Faso].

Autino B, Odolini S, Nitiema H, Kiema D, Melzani A, Pietra V, Martinetto M, Bettinzoli M, Simpore J, Sulis G, Focà E, Castelli F.

Bull Soc Pathol Exot. 2012 May ;105(2):130-6. doi : 10.1007/s13149-012-0229-x. Epub 2012 Mar 28. French.

PMID : 22457020 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] ;



West African Countries account for almost half of the estimated 20 000 000 international migrants in the continent. In the frame of the scaling up of HAART, our study aims to identify specific features and constraints of access to care for HIV migrant patients returning to Burkina Faso. From January 2007 to August 2011, the Nanoro District Hospital, serving a rural area in the Centre-West of Burkina Faso, followed 437 HIV/AIDS adult patients. Migrants were 139/437 (31.8 %), of whom 108/139 (77.7 %), declared they returned to Burkina Faso to seek care, because the area they migrated to did not offer specific HIV health assistance. At baseline, 113/139 (81,3 %) migrants and 181/298 (60,7 %) residents were in WHO clinical stages III or IV (p< 0.01). For every 100 patients/ year under HAART, 25.5 migrants (91.4 % of whom to foreign countries) and 5.7 Burkina residents were transferred to other centers (p<0.01). 21.8 migrants and 8.5 residents were dead or lost to follow up (p<0.05). For migrant patients, access to HIV screening and care seems to be delayed. The high frequency of migrants under HAART working abroad requires an improved cooperation among the health systems of the African Countries.

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