Simpore J, Ouermi D, Ilboudo D, Kabre A, Zeba B, Pietra V, Pignatelli S, Nikiema JB, Kabre GB, Caligaris S, Schumacher F, Castelli F.
Pak J Biol Sci. 2009 Feb 1 ;12(3):258-63.
PMID : 19579955 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
The present study aims at identifying the infectious agents responsible for child Acute GastroEnteritis (AGE) in Ouagadougou. From May 5 2006 to June 22 2008, 648 children aged from 2 to 41 months, with at least an average of 3 loose stools per day have been enrolled for coproculture, parasitology and virology test. Among them, 34 (5.25%) were HIV seropositive. A single sample of faeces from each child was used to identify enteropathogens. An infectious aetiology was identified in 41.20% of cases. The pathogenic agents detected as responsible for the AGE are : Rotavirus 21.1% ; Adenovirus 1.9% ; Giardia 7.6% Entamoeba ; 1.08% ; entero-pathogenic E. coli 41.7% ; Salmonella 3.40% ; Shigella 1.85% and Yersinia 1.70%. Conclusion : Therefore, these AGE etiologic agents constitute a problem of public health in Burkina Faso. Their control for the child would require : (1) a regular paediatric and clinical follow up ; (2) health education of the population for food hygiene and (3) in case of absence of HIV infection in the mother, a promotion of exclusive breast-feeding up to the age of 4 months.