Aetiology of acute gastro-enteritis in children at Saint Camille Medical Centre, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.

Simpore J, Ouermi D, Ilboudo D, Kabre A, Zeba B, Pietra V, Pignatelli S, Nikiema JB, Kabre GB, Caligaris S, Schumacher F, Castelli F.

Pak J Biol Sci. 2009 Feb 1 ;12(3):258-63.
PMID : 19579955 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19579955

Abstract

The present study aims at identifying the infectious agents responsible for child Acute GastroEnteritis (AGE) in Ouagadougou. From May 5 2006 to June 22 2008, 648 children aged from 2 to 41 months, with at least an average of 3 loose stools per day have been enrolled for coproculture, parasitology and virology test. Among them, 34 (5.25%) were HIV seropositive. A single sample of faeces from each child was used to identify enteropathogens. An infectious aetiology was identified in 41.20% of cases. The pathogenic agents detected as responsible for the AGE are : Rotavirus 21.1% ; Adenovirus 1.9% ; Giardia 7.6% Entamoeba ; 1.08% ; entero-pathogenic E. coli 41.7% ; Salmonella 3.40% ; Shigella 1.85% and Yersinia 1.70%. Conclusion : Therefore, these AGE etiologic agents constitute a problem of public health in Burkina Faso. Their control for the child would require : (1) a regular paediatric and clinical follow up ; (2) health education of the population for food hygiene and (3) in case of absence of HIV infection in the mother, a promotion of exclusive breast-feeding up to the age of 4 months.



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