[2005] Nutrition rehabilitation of HIV-infected and HIV-negative undernourished children utilizing spirulina.


http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16219988


Simpore J, Zongo F, Kabore F, Dansou D, Bere A, Nikiema JB, Pignatelli S, Biondi DM, Ruberto G, Musumeci S.
Ann Nutr Metab. 2005 Nov-Dec ;49(6):373-80. Epub 2005 Oct 11.
PMID : 16219988 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


Abstract
The objective of this study was to assess the impact of an alimentary integrator composed of spirulina (Spirulina platensis ; SP), produced at the Centre Médical St Camille of Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, on the nutritional status of undernourished HIV-infected and HIV-negative children. We compared two groups of children : 84 were HIV-infected and 86 were HIV-negative. The duration of the study was 8 weeks. Anthropometric and haematological parameters allowed us to appreciate both the nutritional and biological effect of SP supplement to traditional meals. Rehabilitation with SP shows on average a weight gain of 15 and 25 g/day in HIV-infected and HIV-negative children, respectively. The level of anaemia decreased during the study in all children, but recuperation was less efficient among HIV-infected children. In fact 81.8% of HIV-negative undernourished children recuperated as opposed to 63.6% of HIV-infected children (Z : 1.70 (95% CI -0.366, -0.002, p = 0.088)). Our results confirm that SP is a good food supplement for undernourished children. In particular, rehabilitation with SP also seems to correct anaemia and weight loss in HIV-infected children, and even more quickly in HIV-negative undernourished children.
PMID : 16219988 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]



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